A tan is caused by the body’s natural defense mechanism against the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) radiation. When UV rays penetrate the skin, they damage the DNA in skin cells. In response, the body produces more melanin, a pigment that gives skin its color. Melanin helps protect the skin from further damage by absorbing UV rays. The more melanin in the skin, the darker the tan will be.
There are two types of UV radiation: UVA and UVB. UVA rays penetrate deeper into the skin than UVB rays. UVA rays are responsible for tanning, while UVB rays are responsible for sunburns.
Tanning is not a sign of healthy skin. In fact, tanning is a sign of damage. The more you tan, the greater your risk of developing skin cancer, including melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer.
To protect your skin from the sun, wear sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher, protective clothing, and a wide-brimmed hat. Avoid tanning beds and sun lamps.
What causes tan?
- Sun exposure: The most common cause of tanning is exposure to the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays. UV rays can penetrate the skin and damage the DNA of skin cells. In response, the body produces more melanin, a pigment that gives skin its color. Melanin helps protect the skin from further damage by absorbing UV rays. The more melanin in the skin, the darker the tan will be.
- Artificial tanning: Tanning beds and sun lamps emit UV rays, which can also cause tanning.
- Certain medications: Some medications, such as those used to treat acne, can cause tanning as a side effect.
- Genetics: Some people are more likely to tan than others. This is due to genetics. People with darker skin naturally have more melanin, which makes them less likely to tan.
Here are some tips to prevent tanning:
- Wear sunscreen: Sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher is the best way to protect your skin from the sun’s UV rays. Apply sunscreen liberally to all exposed skin 20 minutes before going outside and reapply every two hours, or more often if you are sweating or swimming.
- Wear protective clothing: Wear sunglasses, a wide-brimmed hat, and long-sleeved shirts and pants when you are in the sun.
- Avoid tanning beds and sun lamps: Tanning beds and sun lamps emit UV rays, which can cause tanning and skin cancer.
- Get regular skin checks: See your doctor for regular skin checks. This is especially important if you have a family history of skin cancer.
The Power Of Yoghurt
Yogurt is good for tan because it has many properties that can help lighten the skin and reduce the appearance of tanning. Some of these properties include:
- Lactic acid: Lactic acid is an alpha-hydroxy acid that helps exfoliate the skin. This means that it removes the dead skin cells on the surface of the skin, revealing the newer, lighter skin underneath.
- Vitamin C: Vitamin C is an antioxidant that helps protect the skin from damage caused by free radicals. Free radicals are unstable molecules that can damage cells, leading to premature aging and other problems. Vitamin C can help neutralize free radicals, reducing the damage they can cause.
- Zinc: Zinc is a mineral that helps to regulate melanin production. Melanin is the pigment that gives skin its color. When zinc levels are low, the body may produce more melanin in an attempt to protect the skin from damage. This can lead to darker skin, including tanning.
- Probiotics: Probiotics are live bacteria that are beneficial for health. They can help to improve the skin’s immune system, making it less susceptible to damage from the sun.
The benefits of Besan (gram flour) for skin tan
Besan is a natural exfoliant that helps to remove dead skin cells. This reveals the newer, lighter skin underneath. Besan also contains antioxidants that help to protect the skin from damage caused by free radicals.
Free radicals are unstable molecules that can damage cells, leading to premature aging and other problems. Antioxidants can help neutralize free radicals, reducing the damage they can cause.
In addition to its exfoliating and antioxidant properties, besan also contains a compound called alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA). AHAs are a type of chemical exfoliant that helps to remove dead skin cells and reveal the newer, lighter skin underneath.
How is honey beneficial to your skin?
- Moisturizing. Honey is a natural humectant, which means it draws moisture from the air and binds it to the skin. This can help to keep the skin hydrated and prevent it from drying out.
- Anti-inflammatory. Honey has anti-inflammatory properties that can help to reduce redness, swelling, and irritation. This can be helpful for people with conditions like acne, eczema, and psoriasis.
- Antibacterial. Honey has antibacterial properties that can help to kill harmful bacteria on the skin. This can help to prevent acne breakouts and other infections.
- Antioxidant. Honey is a good source of antioxidants, which can help to protect the skin from damage caused by free radicals. Free radicals are unstable molecules that can damage cells and contribute to the aging process.
- Exfoliating. Honey can be used as a gentle exfoliator to remove dead skin cells and reveal brighter, more radiant skin.
- Wound healing. Honey has been shown to promote wound healing and reduce scarring. This is due to its antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant properties.